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Translation & Terminology

Oxford Karate Academy

TRANSLATION & TERMINOLOGY

DOJO ETIQUETTE

1.) On first entering the dojo, please say "onegai shimasu". 
2.) Please remove your shoes and place them tidily on the shelf near the door.
3.) Please register daily for the training session and take out your attendance card.
4.) Make sure that you are clean of body and that your nails are short and clean.
5.) Always wear a clean and neatly ironed Karate gi.
6.) Jewellery of any description must not be worn whilst training.

7.) Please refer to the instructor as Sensei (pronounced senn say), or Shihan (dependent on rank).

OPENING & CLOSING CEREMONIES

FOR THE OPENING CEREMONY THE INSTRUCTOR OR SENIOR SAYS :

SHUGO
KI O TSUKE

SEIZA
MOKUSO   
MOKUSO YAME
SHOMEN NI REI 
SENSEI NI REI 
KIRITSU (OR TATE)   
LINE UP
COME TO ATTENTION
KNEEL DOWN

MEDITATION
STOP MEDITATING
BOW TO THE DOJO FRONT (TO SENSEI HIGAONNA KANRYO & SENSEI MIYAGI CHOJUN)

BOW TO THE INSTRUCTOR, SAY "ONEGAI SHIMASU"
STAND UP

FOR THE CLOSING CEREMONY THE INSTRUCTOR OR SENIOR SAYS :

YAME
SHUGO
KI O TSUKE
SEIZA
MOKUSO
MOKUSO YAME
SHOMEN NI REI
SENSEI NI REI
OTAGAI NI REI
SHOMEN NI
STOP
LINE UP
COME TO ATTENTION
KNEEL DOWN
MEDITATION
STOP MEDITATING
BOW TO THE DOJO FRONT
BOW TO THE INSTRUCTOR, SAY "ARIGATO GOZAIMASHITA"
BOW TO EACH OTHER, SAY "ARIGATO GOZAIMASHITA"
FACE FRONT & THE INSTRUCTOR SAYS, "KEIKO WARIMASU"

NUMBERS

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

ICHI
NI
SAN
SHI
GO
ROKU
SHICHI
HACHI
KU
JU
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
JUICHI
JUNI
JUSAN
JUSHI
JUGO
JUROKU
JUSHICHI
JUHACHI
JUKU
NIJU
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
NIJUICHI
NIJUNI
NIJUSAN
NIJUSHI
NIJUGO
NIJUROKU
NIJUSHICHI
NIJUHACHI
NIJUKU
SANJU

BELTS

YUKYUSHA
YUDANSHA

SHIRO OBI
KIIRI OBI
OREJI OBI
AKA OBI
MIDORI IRO OBI
AO OBI
MURASAKI OBI
USU CHAIRO OBI
KOI CHAIRO OBI
KURO OBI

KYU GRADES
DAN GRADES

WHITE BELT
YELLOW BELT
ORANGE BELT
RED BELT
GREEN BELT
BLUE BELT
PURPLE BELT
LIGHT BROWN BELT
DARK BROWN BELT
BLACK BELT

BODY AREAS

JODAN
CHUDAN
GEDAN
UPPER AREA FROM THE COLLAR UPWARDS
MIDDLE AREA BETWEEN THE COLLAR AND THE BELT
LOWER AREA FROM THE BELT DOWNWARDS

BODY PARTS

ASHIKUBI
CHUSOKU
EMPI
HEISOKU
HIZA
KAISHO
KAKATO
SOKUTO
UDE
ANKLE
BALL OF THE FOOT
ELBOW
INSTEP
KNEE
BACK OF THE HAND
HEEL
FOOT EDGE
FOREARM

STANCES

Heisoku dachi feet side by side stance.
Musubi dachi heels together, feet facing outwards 45 degrees (knot stance).
Heiko dachi feet shoulder width and parallel stance.
Hachiji dachi same as above with feet turned out 45 degrees (hachi = 8, ji character, so 8 character as in Japanese kanji or Chinese text).
Soto hachi dachi/uchi hachi dachi same as above widthwise, only the feet are turned inwards.
Shiko dachi feet turned out from soto hachi dachi, twice shoulder width. Like Kiba dachi in Shotokan and Wado Ryu but with the feet turned out. Also known as sumo stance.
Zenkutsu dachi long front stance, 2.5 foot lengths. Slightly shorter than some styles at 3 foot lengths but with the weight pushed forward to achieve the same striking distance with the weight behind the technique.
Han zenkutsu half = han, so half zenkutsu dachi, one foots length between toe and heel.
Heiko sanchin dachi feet parallel, shoulder width and with the heel of the front foot inline with the toe of the back foot.
Sanchin dachi the same as heiko sanchin dachi but with the front foot turned in slightly approximately 15 degrees.
Kosa dachi/juji dachi (cross stance or ten character stance) sometimes called bensoku dachi which is a tree with a vine growing round it. Found in Sepai kata.
Saga ashi dachi crane foot (as in the bird, not construction industry!) stance as in Saifa kata.
Neko dachi or Neko ashi dachi. Cat stance or cat foot stance.
Kokutsu dachi back stance. A reversed zenkutsu dachi looking back towards your rear foot. (different to Shotokan's kokutsu dachi).
Kihon Descriptions PDF Print E-mail

Atemi Waza

  • Jodan tzuki – Upper level punch
  • Chudan tzuki – Middle level punch
  • Sun tsuki – Short punch
  • Ura tsuki – Close punch
  • Awase tsuki – U shaped punch
  • Age tsuki – Rising punch
  • Haito uchi – Ridge hand strike
  • Hiji ate – Elbow strike
  • Tate hiji ate - Vertical elbow strike
  • Mawashi hiji ate – Round elbow strike
  • Shotei uchi – Palm heel strike
  • Shuto uchi – Knife hand strike
  • Ura uchi – Back fist strike
  • Yoko ura uchi – Side back fist strike
  • Tetsui uchi – Hammer fist strike
  • Furi uchi – Swing strike

Keri Waza

  • Kansetsu geri – Joint kick
  • Kin geri – Groin kick
  • Mae geri – Front kick
  • Mawashi geri – Roundhouse kick
  • Ushiro geri – Back kick
  • Sokuto geri – Side (outside edge of foot) kick
  • Hiza geri – Knee strike
  • Uchi momo geri - Inner thigh kick
  • Fumikomi geri - stamping kick
  • Mae tobi geri - Jumping front kick
  • Ura mawashi geri - reverse roundhouse (hooking) kick
  • Ushiro mawashi geri - spinning reverse roundhouse kick

Uke Waza

  • Yoko uke – Side block
  • Uchi uke/Gedan barai – Double arm block
  • Gedan barai – Lower level sweep
  • Gedan uke – Lower level block
  • Harai uke – Low block
  • Jodan age uke – Upper level rising block
  • Kake/hiki uke – Hook block
  • Mawashi uke tora guchi – Round block tiger's jaw
  • Osae uke – Pressing block
  • Uchi uke – Inside block
  • Kosa uke – Cross block
Sat 5, Nov 2005 13:31:00 by Fraser | Comments(0)

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